Genetic Engineering In Humans What Is It Capable Of

Human genetic engineering is one of the most controversial aspects of a science, which is itself highly controversial, and it is still very much in its infancy. There have been a few isolated cases where an illness has been successfully cured by the use of genetic therapy, but there have also been other cases where patients have contracted diseases such as leukemia through experimentation with this type of therapy. At this stage it is impossible to say exactly what the future will hold, or exactly what the consequences of these developments will be.

So far, the only successes which the method has are in treating conditions relating to the human immune system. This is an obvious application of the technology, as the condition is caused purely by genetic factors. By replacing a gene which gives the patient a proclivity towards the disease with a healthy one a cure can be effected. This is more than just theory, as the numbers of cases where this has been successfully carried out is now into double figures, and is constantly increasing. The challenge lies in overcoming the potentially catastrophic side effects which can occur if the treatment does not work.

One of the most controversial of all applications of this technology is in allowing infertile mothers to conceive. This is done by using the eggs from a different mother, leaving the child with the genetic blueprint inherited from three people. This will then be passed on through future generations, leading to untold potential complications. It is still far too early to judge the potential consequences of the use of this type of genetic technology, but if there are any negative side effects they are likely to be far reaching and extremely damaging.

types of genetic engineering

There have been many arguments put forward concerning human genetic engineering, some strongly in favor and some equally strongly against. The potential is there for diseases caused by genetics to be eliminated completely, and this is there area in which fewest dissenting voices will be heard. The use of genetics purely to overcome fertility is far more controversial, especially when you consider the permanent effect that this has on all future generations of that family. There are also many dissenters against the possibility of parents deciding features of their children using an advanced form of this technology, which cannot be used yet but which may be perfectly possible in the future.

If this technology is left unchecked it will definitely have far reaching consequences. There is no doubt that wealthy families would take advantage of such technology to try to give their children every advantage in their future life, and there could be several possible outcomes of this. One would be a rise in productivity and creativity which would penetrate through society, raising the standard of society for everyone and creating more opportunities. It is also possible that poor families who could not afford this technology would be left even further adrift, leading to sharp increases in crime rates, social disorder, and economic chaos.

genetic engineering

Even though strong opinions are held on both sides of the argument, the truth is that it is far too early to know for sure exactly what is involved with human genetic engineering. There are some philosophical and moral arguments which will prove exceedingly difficult to resolve one way or another, but there are potential consequences which cannot possibly be known until more research has been carried out. The arguments over this technology are certain to rage for a great many years to come, and it is unlikely there will ever be universal agreement on human genetic engineering.

 

 

 

Genetic Engineering News:

 

We Need to Talk About Human Genetic Engineering Before It's Too Late - Newsweek

Newsweek

We Need to Talk About Human Genetic Engineering Before It's Too Late
Newsweek
But CRISPR's first human trial, an attempt to cure a type of genetic blindness by taking the damaged cells out of the body, fixing their genetic error, and returning them, will begin next year. Much of the idea for the Human Code came when Bowden was .

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In defense of transhumanism - Washington Post

Washington Post

In defense of transhumanism
Washington Post
Although the horrors of eugenics should serve as a sobering reminder of the evil that can be perpetrated in the name of progress, they should not stifle discussion in the academy about the responsible implementation of genetic engineering in the future .

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Why 'three-parent embryo' procedure could fail - Science Magazine

Science Magazine

Why 'three-parent embryo' procedure could fail
Science Magazine
It's a stunning and controversial procedure: Give a baby three genetic EURœparentsEUR by combining sperm from dad, a cell nucleus from mom, and the egg of a female donor. The approach is supposed to eliminate the risk of inheriting sometimes deadly .

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Bioherbicides Market Analysis, Trends, Size, Share, Investment Opportunities and Forecast to 2022 - Medgadget.com (blog)

Bioherbicides Market Analysis, Trends, Size, Share, Investment Opportunities and Forecast to 2022
Medgadget.com (blog)
However, advancements in genetic engineering, sustainable and integrated pest management techniques are considered as major opportunities for the market. . Bioherbicides Market is segmented by crop type, by application and by geography. Depending .

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The Quest for a Simple Cancer Test - NOVA Next

NOVA Next

The Quest for a Simple Cancer Test
NOVA Next
Despite its name, liquid biopsies are not exactly an alternative to solid tissue biopsies, says Mehmet Toner, a professor of biomedical engineering at MGH who studies circulating tumor cells. Patients who are first diagnosed with cancer via a liquid .

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Fruit fly brains shed light on why we get tired when we stay up too late - Science Daily

Science Daily

Fruit fly brains shed light on why we get tired when we stay up too late
Science Daily
In their search for sleep-regulating cells, Wu's team used genetic engineering to turn on small numbers of neurons in more than 500 fruit fly strains. They then measured how these flies slept when these neurons "fired." Several strains continued to .

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Genetically Modified Crops Are Safe, Report Says - NBCNews.com

NBCNews.com

Genetically Modified Crops Are Safe, Report Says
NBCNews.com
Perhaps surprisingly, given the huge debate over GMOs, only two types of genetically engineered crops are in wide use - one engineered to carry genes from a common bacteria called Bacillus thuringiensis (or Bt for short) that kills insects that eat it .
Are GMO crops safe? Focus on the plant, not the process, scientists say.Washington Post
Scientists Again Say GMOs Are Safe, but They Might Not Always BeTakePart
GMOs Safe, but Better Regulation Needed: StudyBloomberg BNA
Food Safety Magazine -Bangkok Post
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Stanford-NIST collaboration to give bio-economy a big boost by measuring tiny things - EurekAlert (press release)

Stanford-NIST collaboration to give bio-economy a big boost by measuring tiny things
EurekAlert (press release)
. and industrial researchers aims to spur the already booming bio-economy by providing useful definitions of the equivalent of weights and measures for the molecular products and processes made possible by genomics and genetic engineering. . "To .

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