Genetic Engineering In Humans What Is It Capable Of

Human genetic engineering is one of the most controversial aspects of a science, which is itself highly controversial, and it is still very much in its infancy. There have been a few isolated cases where an illness has been successfully cured by the use of genetic therapy, but there have also been other cases where patients have contracted diseases such as leukemia through experimentation with this type of therapy. At this stage it is impossible to say exactly what the future will hold, or exactly what the consequences of these developments will be.

So far, the only successes which the method has are in treating conditions relating to the human immune system. This is an obvious application of the technology, as the condition is caused purely by genetic factors. By replacing a gene which gives the patient a proclivity towards the disease with a healthy one a cure can be effected. This is more than just theory, as the numbers of cases where this has been successfully carried out is now into double figures, and is constantly increasing. The challenge lies in overcoming the potentially catastrophic side effects which can occur if the treatment does not work.

One of the most controversial of all applications of this technology is in allowing infertile mothers to conceive. This is done by using the eggs from a different mother, leaving the child with the genetic blueprint inherited from three people. This will then be passed on through future generations, leading to untold potential complications. It is still far too early to judge the potential consequences of the use of this type of genetic technology, but if there are any negative side effects they are likely to be far reaching and extremely damaging.

types of genetic engineering

There have been many arguments put forward concerning human genetic engineering, some strongly in favor and some equally strongly against. The potential is there for diseases caused by genetics to be eliminated completely, and this is there area in which fewest dissenting voices will be heard. The use of genetics purely to overcome fertility is far more controversial, especially when you consider the permanent effect that this has on all future generations of that family. There are also many dissenters against the possibility of parents deciding features of their children using an advanced form of this technology, which cannot be used yet but which may be perfectly possible in the future.

If this technology is left unchecked it will definitely have far reaching consequences. There is no doubt that wealthy families would take advantage of such technology to try to give their children every advantage in their future life, and there could be several possible outcomes of this. One would be a rise in productivity and creativity which would penetrate through society, raising the standard of society for everyone and creating more opportunities. It is also possible that poor families who could not afford this technology would be left even further adrift, leading to sharp increases in crime rates, social disorder, and economic chaos.

genetic engineering

Even though strong opinions are held on both sides of the argument, the truth is that it is far too early to know for sure exactly what is involved with human genetic engineering. There are some philosophical and moral arguments which will prove exceedingly difficult to resolve one way or another, but there are potential consequences which cannot possibly be known until more research has been carried out. The arguments over this technology are certain to rage for a great many years to come, and it is unlikely there will ever be universal agreement on human genetic engineering.

 

 

 

Genetic Engineering News:

 

New Type of CRISPR Screen Probes the Regulatory Genome - Bio-IT World

New Type of CRISPR Screen Probes the Regulatory Genome
Bio-IT World
The insight behind MERA is that, with certain types of cells, most of the genetic engineering can be done in advance. Gifford and Sherwood's team used a standard viral vector to put a EURœdummyEUR guide RNA sequence, one that wouldn't tell Cas9 to cut .

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USDA Declares EURœDo-OverEUR on Overhaul of Biotechnology Regulations - Lexology (registration)

USDA Declares EURœDo-OverEUR on Overhaul of Biotechnology Regulations
Lexology (registration)
APHIS's newly introduced definition of EURœbiotechnologyEUR suggests that APHIS may also seek to significantly expand the types of genetic modification processes covered under its regulatory program. Moreover, under most of its anticipated scenarios, APHIS .

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For boys only? Panel endorses mitochondrial therapy, but says start with male embryos - Science Magazine

Science Magazine

For boys only? Panel endorses mitochondrial therapy, but says start with male embryos
Science Magazine
That is the conclusion of a report released today from a panel organized by the U.S. National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NAS), which assesses the ethics questions surrounding the controversial technique called mitochondrial DNA .
'Three Parent' Babies: US FDA-Appointed Expert Panel Approves Controversial ProcedureInternational Business Times
Expert Committee: FDA Should Allow Mitochondrial Replacement Trials Under Certain ConditionsRegulatory Focus
Clinical investigations of MRT are 'ethically permissible' if conditions met National Academy of SciencesEurekAlert (press release)

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Cancer Moonshot -- Conservatives' Role - National Review Online

National Review Online

Cancer Moonshot -- Conservatives' Role
National Review Online
Based on research showing that genetic screening could detect early-stage cancer in pregnant women, Illumina just launched a company called Grail to develop and commercialize a test to detect circulating tumor DNA, potentially identifying at-risk .

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